From the eco-tourism point of view, Yemen's main attraction is its birdlife, which is particularly abundant during the spring and autumn migrations. At these times thousands of raptors cross the Bab-al-Mandeb straits between Yemen and Africa, but there are also many species that use the junction of land and sea along the Red Sea coast as a flight path between Africa and Europe.
At any time of year, a drive along the beach between Mokha and Hokha will give you sightings of many dozens of species from waders, terns and gulls, to flamingos, ospreys, pelicans, the ubiquitous Black Kite and, with luck, a green turtle!
Animals found in Yemen include caracal, striped hyaena, foxes, hares, crested porcupines, mongoose, Indian monitors, agamid lizards, jerboa, gerbils, chameleons, scorpions, camel spiders and the occasional snake. Hamadryas baboons and rock hyrax are plentiful on the lower slopes and rock faces of the mountains facing the Red Sea. Gazelles, easily hunted by
four-wheel-drive vehicles in open country, have declined in number, although a few still exist on escarpments. The leopard has also survived in remote areas.
Yemen is a very attractive place for the committed eco-tourist to visit, not only because of its interesting geographical features, flora and fauna, but because the traditional lifestyle of its people has remained relatively untouched by the 20th century.
The main crops of Yemen are grain, fruits, vegetables, qat (mildly narcotic shrub), coffee, cotton; dairy products, poultry, beef and fish. Yemen's honey, raisings, coffee and incense are favored by tourists.
Petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble, small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper, and fertile soil in the west and found in Yemen.